Source: FQM

This is the most traditional technique and most popular. Swedish massage is a series of maneuvers applied to the muscle or joints and is for repairing tired muscles. It aims to maximize the body’s capacity for action, improves circulation because it promotes the return of blood to the heart and improves lymphatic circulation, cellular nutrition and elimination. Swedish massage harmonizes tensions and stimulates the self-regulatory functions of the person.

1- History
2- Applications and effects
3- Indications and cons-indications
4- Course of a session


History

This massage is of Swedish origin, countries pioneering in the field of personal hygiene. Pehr Heinrik Ling is the founder of the bases of this technique in the nineteenth century. Aiming to create the same effects as those obtained by gymnastics on the body, it generates an order and a specific type of maneuvers, which will be designated as the Swedish massage. This massage also contains kinesitherapy techniques.


Applications and effects

Swedish massage has as main function to correct muscular attitudes. It includes these nine maneuvers recognized:
mild to deep effleurage (plays in fluids) and sprains (specifically for muscles)
the pressings
drainages
the kneading
friction
percussion
vibration
the shakes
the joint work

The basic rule is to always bring blood to the heart (clockwise), using the centripetal force. The heat of the hand dilates blood vessels and increases the speed.
The human musculature using the Swedish massage must have its functional capacity intact. In the event of poor muscle function, the massage therapist will concentrate on the inhibited or poisoned muscle. Instead of working directly on the injured muscle, the therapist works on the antagonist muscle for gentleness.

The Swedish massage focuses primarily on the muscle and then everything else: the fascia, the nervous system, bones, lymphatic system and all body fluids. If a client suffers from joint pain, the therapist will massage the muscle attachments, tendons and ligaments.
Swedish massage is more at the level of locomotor system (muscles and joints) and fluid (blood and lymph). To the extent that people have a healthy life, the effect will be relaxing, refreshing and the client will be able to immediately resume its normal life. For a very stressed person, massages can cause a period of sleepiness. The Swedish massage removes muscle toxins by draining it. It can also help regulate intestinal peristalsis by regulating muscle tension in the back and stomach.


Indications and cons-indications

Swedish massage is for everyone involved in physical strength or muscle tone. It can physically help correct a muscle condition. It is also appropriate for athletes in which it accelerates the healing of sore muscles. It relaxes those who are nervous and stressed by regenerating their nervous system and improving the quality of their sleep.
Swedish massage does not claim to cure diseases; at most, it will help relax the person experiencing them. In cases of congenital problems, it is no use. However, during a postural problem, the therapist can join in addition to the action of another approach.
There are several cons-indications for Swedish massage, but some are absolute, such as: fever (over 37.5C), any infectious or contagious disease, hemophilia, any history of heart problems. It is important, in case of doubt, to consult a doctor so that he agrees or not for the massage to take place.


Course of a session

Swedish therapists are recognized by their capacity to monitor breathing, regular pressure of their hands against the body, the continuity of massage and its ability to wrap the body.
During a Swedish session, the massage therapist uses oil to promote continuity of movement. The client can keep their underwear and the therapist works with linen and towels. The massage is given on a regular massage table. The climate in which the session takes place is healthy and enjoyable.
Usually, the gestures of Swedish massage are energetic. It is important to note that the Swedish massage is a curve; in the sense that the therapist always begins the massage gently and ends smoothly.
The massage is usually finalized by a time of variable duration rest. The client can then enjoy the benefits of energetic maneuvers of Swedish massage.

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